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What is Minima

Minima is a secure, scalable and completely decentralized blockchain that has a hard-capped supply of a billion coins. Minima is designed to use a small amount of resources and be compact in size, so that it can run continuously and completely on a mobile device, without consequence to its user. This ensures every user on the network is equal, as all users can run Minima in the same way, all the time. Third parties in such a system become redundant, as no critical aspects of the network need to be outsourced to specialised user classes at all. This means centralization becomes not just undesirable, but impossible to achieve.

How does it work

The foundation to understanding Minima is knowing that every user of the Minima network runs a Minima node by default, which both validates and constructs the base layer, via a mobile application that is compact in size and accessible to use. At first glance, this may seem like a relatively trivial piece of information, yet it is the core of what makes Minima so powerful. This novel design allows the Minima protocol to be adopted and thus secured by a substantial number of users, simply because it is easy to use.

Every Minima user is equal

Having all network participants run a Minima node by default ensures that every Minima user is equal on the network, meaning there is no need for any user to rely on another to validate or secure the base layer of the Minima chain for them. All roles are the direct responsibility of every user and completed simply by letting the Minima app run in the background. This is key, since it allows for a truly decentralized network of equal nodes with full network responsibilities to finally be achieved in a blockchain system.

Truly decentralized applications

The network of decentralized nodes afforded by Minima’s novel design also provides the foundations of the network for decentralized applications, known as MiniDapps, to be operated on. Providing developers with the opportunity to build truly decentralized applications using simple web-native coding languages, on a mobile-first platform.

Layers to scale from inception

The final key feature to understand is that the Minima protocol will consist of two distinct layers at Mainnet launch. Layer 1, known as Minima, is the base verification layer of the protocol (secured by all users as discussed above), while Layer 2, known as Maxima, is the transactional layer. Having these differentiated layers, enables the reduction of transaction fees while increasing processing speed on the network as a collective whole.

How is Minima different?

While other blockchain protocols have traded decentralization for scalability and security, Minima’s architecture was designed with decentralization as its primary feature. Since, if one approaches the blockchain trilemma from first principles, it becomes clear that the only way for all three properties to exist in union, is if true decentralization can first be achieved. The scalability and security of a blockchain, ultimately, become emergent outcomes of such a truly decentralized system.

Easy to use

With this in mind, the Minima protocol was designed to be compact enough in size so that anyone could run a Minima node on their mobile, via an app, that both validates and constructs the chain. This ensures all users of the network are equal, by removing traditional barriers to becoming a full blockchain network participant. The ability for everyone to participate in constructing and validating the Minima chain, is what really sets Minima apart.

Accessible to all

It is only when individuals start using blockchain technology, purely because it is easier to use than traditional alternatives, that it will start to have a true impact on the world. Minima has taken this into account, and in doing so, become the perfect tool to enable cryptocurrency adoption on a global scale. Now as a community, we must work together to onboard the next generation of users to the ecosystem so that together we can create an open financial system for all.

Minima use cases

Minima has a number of capabilities and potential use cases, these include:

  • a base-layer blockchain for trustless payment, token and contract processing
  • a secure platform for information and value transfer
  • an ecosystem for the creation, sharing and use of decentralized applications
  • an expanding network of mobile-connected users
  • a number of enterprise use cases including telecommunications/healthcare systems/voting mechanisms


Minima Nodes

  • Every user runs a complete Minima node
  • Every user is involved in the construction and validation of the chain
  • Every user enables value transfer on the Minima network

Every Minima user runs a Complete Minima node by default, once they download the Minima app. ‘Complete’ refers to the fact that all Minima nodes both construct and validate the Minima chain. Such protocol design is novel and immensely powerful, as it ensures all network participants must agree on any protocol modification before it is implemented, meaning forks of Minima are highly improbable. Together, Minima nodes create a secure value transfer layer for transactions on the Minima network.

There is no technical knowledge or specialised hardware required to run a Minima node. Simply by downloading the Minima app and letting it run in the background, users help grow and secure the Minima network, while consuming no more energy than a regular messaging app.

Follow the instructions below to run a Minima node.

  • You can download the latest version of the Minima app on any Android device (v9 onwards) from the #download-and-bugs channel in our Discord community
  • Install & run the Minima app - you will be asked to allow the installation of an unknown app, it’s OK, this is expected behaviour
  • Agree to the battery optimisation settings

That’s it, once the app set up is complete you are now running a Minima node.

Maxima Nodes

  • Secure the Minima network by undergoing Proof of Work to send data
  • Charge fees in the form of Minima coins for routing large amounts of data
  • Create a fast and scalable peer-to-peer layer 2 network

Maxima overview

Minima runs below a fast and scalable Peer-to-Peer (P2P) layer 2 network called Maxima. On Maxima, users can transmit any data they like, not just Minima transactions, to other individual Maxima users. Users of Maxima who have no Minima, no tokens and send no transactions, can still help to secure the network, by sending messages over Maxima and undergoing the Proof of Work required for doing so — thereby securing the Minima network as a collective whole.

Maxima nodes

Maxima nodes are run by users who are incentivised to set up Maxima routers, effectively a node with an external IP, that other Minima users can easily access. Since Maxima nodes allow the transfer of small amounts of data for free, aside from the required Proof of Work needed for them to be sent, it is possible for them to charge for larger amounts of data that users wish to send. This is realised in the form of a fee in the form of Minima coins, that are paid to the Maxima node that has routed a user's message.

Consequently, as increasing amounts of large data are sent over Maxima, users of Minima are increasingly incentivised to set up better Maxima routers to meet the demand for the network traffic. Ultimately, providing a positive feedback loop that improves the integrity and quality of Maxima’s peer-to-peer network over time.

Instructions on how to run a Maxima node will be published here in the future.


  • Truly decentralized apps for Android
  • A way for Android users to interact with blockchain applications
  • An on-ramp for developers who want to build decentralized applications on Android

What are MiniDapps?

MiniDapps are decentralized applications that run on the Minima network. Users host them locally on an Android device and use them as they would a traditional app. They can be designed in the same way traditional web apps are, using simple web-native coding languages such as Javascript, HTML and CSS. This allows developers to leverage the power of smart contracts on the Minima blockchain whilst using a build environment that is familiar.

MiniDapps for Users

Users host MiniDapps themselves by downloading them onto an Android device. Making them resilient to censorship, since users do not rely on any third parties, meaning no one can stop users from choosing to use a MiniDapp or decide who users may use them with.

How to start using a MiniDapp

  • Download a .bin MiniDapp file from the Minima Storefront (a decentralized app store found inside the app)
  • Install the file within the Minima app on the MiniDapp Hub page by pressing “Install”
  • Once the MiniDapp is installed, click on your chosen MiniDapp in the MiniDapp Hub to run

MiniDapps for Developers

MiniDapps can be built using web-native coding languages such as Javascript, HMTL and CSS and provide an accessible front-end to smart contracts on the Minima network. Such smart contracts allow for tokens to be automatically managed by a rule set that can be defined to meet the requirements of a specific use case.

MiniDapps Summary

An ecosystem of open-source decentralized apps for Minima users.

An accessible way for the large community of mobile-native users to interact with blockchain applications that utilise smart contracts.

Allow developers to build decentralized applications in a familiar build environment, without learning blockchain-specific programming languages.


A strong incentive to propagate and process a transaction.

A method for ordering transactions and regulating on-chain traffic.

A mechanism for spam prevention by making DDoS attacks expensive.

What is the Burn?

The Burn is a mechanism that generates a small cost for every transaction sent on the Minima network.

How the Burn works

The level of Burn employed is determined by the level of network traffic and exists as a value relative to all other transactions on the network. 'Burnt' coins are removed from Minima's hard-capped supply, thereby maintaining a deflationary model that increases the scarcity and thus the value of the remaining MInima coins in circulation over time.

Burn Purpose

The Burn is used in a similar way to a fee model on other blockchain protocols, to order transactions and regulate on-chain traffic. Although, unlike fees, the Burn has no minimum value, since there is no requirement for the total Burn to be large enough to support the type of mining industry that exists on other Proof of Work protocols.

The Burn is likely to be high during periods of heavy traffic or spam, and as it rises, traffic will decrease, and the system will self-regulate. The burn can be very low when traffic is at manageable levels as the total amount is not important, only the relative burn amounts in comparison to other transactions are.

Burn Summary

Provides a strong incentive for users to propagate and process transactions, since doing so reduces the overall supply of Minima coins created at genesis (1 billion coins), making existing coins more scarce and thus more valuable.

Order transactions based on the value of the burn for individual transactions, which acts as a method to regulate on-chain traffic.

Create a mechanism for spam prevention by making DDoS attacks expensive, by forcing network actors to incur a cost for every transaction sent, making malicious attempts to spam the network expensive.

Protocol Layers

The Minima protocol consists of two distinct layers. Layer 1 is the base verification layer of the protocol and is called Minima, while Layer 2 is called Maxima and is the transactional layer.

Why are distinct layers needed?

The reason for this is simple, layer 1 does not scale, whereas layer 2 does. Scalability relates to the number of transactions per second that a layer can process. On Layer 1 there is an upper bound limit on the number of possible transactions per second, but on Layer 2 there is no limit. Having these differentiated layers enables the reduction of transaction fees while increasing processing speed.


All on-chain transactions occur on layer 1, known as Minima, where users of the network collaborate to secure the chain, removing the need for centralised miners. Users should only be using layer 1 if they need to begin a transacting relationship, end a transacting relationship or dispute a transaction that has occurred on layer 2. The layer essentially acts as a layer of trust for users, where all transactions are accounted for.

Minima key uses

  • Setting up a transacting relationship
  • Starting and completing a transaction
  • End settlement and conflict resolution
  • Secure, but slower than Maxima


All off-chain transactions occur on layer 2, known as Maxima, where the bulk of peer-to-peer exchange between users of the network takes place. This is faster because users of layer 2 only need to process their own transactions, instead of processing the entire network's transactions, as occurs on layer 1. For this reason, Layer 2 scales, while layer 1 does not.

Maxima key uses

  • Peer-to-peer transacting layer
  • Operational level for any number of transaction
  • Maxima is fast and scalable

The purpose of distinct layers

By removing computation from Layer 2, where the majority of exchange between peers takes place, Maxima enables users to transact instantly with each other. Users only pay a fee, in the form of PoW, when they decide to start, end or dispute a transaction. This ensures Minima as a collective whole can scale, to process a large number of transactions without bloating the network, thereby avoiding high fees (in the form of the Burn), and long waiting times for users.

Traditionally on PoW chains, high fees are used to pay miners to compensate for traffic that is taken off layer 1, or the supply is increased each year to pay miners. Both of these models work, but neither is optimal. Since either average users cannot afford to use the chain once it becomes expensive, or the chain is forced to sacrifice its fixed supply, removing its ability to become a long term Store of Value proposition.


Using a mechanism known as the Pulse, all Layer 2 users secure the base layer by providing PoW to the chain. The Pulse is information that all Maxima users must process on the peer-to-peer Maxima network in order to replace the fee-based security model with a PoW-based model. When you combine the two layers of the protocol you end up with an immensely powerful architecture that can scale to meet the needs of any number of users on the network, without compromising with high fees, slow processing times or needing to inflate the supply.


Can be viewed here.


Can be viewed here.


IncentiveCash Program

The Incentive Program rewards users for downloading the Minima app and running and maintaining a complete node. The program is only available via a referral invite or by joining the waiting list. Simply downloading a node does not enrol you into the IncentiveCash Program.

You will earn 1 x Minima coin each day. These coins will be added to your balance weekly. You can also earn coins by finding bugs as a tester, participating in one of the test cycles. Let one of the team know in Discord if this is of interest.

As we test and improve Minima ahead of our Mainnet launch, your assistance is precious to us. Together, we can collaboratively:

  • Assist in building the Minima network
  • Test how different devices operate
  • Find or fix bugs on the Minima Testnet
  • Perfect the Minima application and protocol for Mainnet launch
  • Build decentralised applications to provide utility on Minima for users
  • Help grow the Minima community membership and participation

More detail can be found here.

Run a node

Follow the instructions below to run a Minima node.

  • You can download the latest version of the Minima app on any Android device (v9 onwards) from the #download-and-bugs channel in our Discord community
  • Install & run the Minima app - you will be asked to allow the installation of an unknown app, it’s OK, this is expected behaviour
  • Agree to the battery optimisation settings

That’s it, once the app set up is complete you are now running a Minima node.

What equipment do I need?

To participate, you will need an Android mobile (9.0 or above), PC, Mac or Linux. Minima currently doesn’t run on iPhone/iOS, but this is on the future roadmap.

Can anyone run a node and join the IncentiveCash Program?

Anyone can continue to run a node; however, if you have been invited to the incentive program, you will have an additional app to download and run. If you haven’t received an invite, there will soon be the opportunity to join a waitlist for the incentive program.

Will there be any updates?

In the run-up to Mainnet, there will likely be several upgrades to the system. These are known as 'hardforks'. Any earned Minima coins will temporarily be removed when these happen, and we will reinstate the exact amount after the update. Any Minima tokens created via the wallet on the testnet will also be lost during a hardfork.

What MiniDapps will run?

For the launch of the Minima Incentive Programme, we will have a range of MiniDapps available. We will be re-launching and launching other MiniDapps over the coming months.

When will I get my coins?

Everyone in the IncentiveCash Program will get their coins at the Token Generation Event (TGE). This is scheduled to be in Q2 2022. To receive your Minima you need to be part of the IncentiveCash Program with an active wallet.

How to join the Minima Community









Video & Blog



Github Download

Github Android Beta App Download



Technical Papers

Protocol Layers